Literary Devices In Ulysses By Alfred Lord Tennyson: A Poetic Analysis
Ulysses is one of the most famous poems by Alfred Lord Tennyson, the Poet Laureate of Great Britain in the Victorian era. The poem was published in 1842 and is based on the legendary Greek hero Odysseus (Ulysses in Latin), who returns home after a long and adventurous journey. However, Ulysses is not satisfied with his domestic life and yearns for more adventures and challenges. He decides to leave his kingdom and his wife Penelope to his son Telemachus and set sail again with his loyal companions.
The poem is a dramatic monologue, in which Ulysses expresses his thoughts and feelings to an implied audience. The poem is divided into three parts: the first part describes Ulysses' dissatisfaction with his present situation, the second part depicts his nostalgia for his past exploits, and the third part reveals his determination to pursue new adventures. Throughout the poem, Tennyson uses various literary devices to enhance the meaning and impact of Ulysses' speech. Some of these devices are:
Alliteration: This is the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words or syllables. For example, \"match'd with an aged wife\" (line 3), \"moans round with many voices\" (line 15), \"roaming with a hungry heart\" (line 12), \"strong in will\" (line 70).
Assonance: This is the repetition of vowel sounds within words or syllables. For example, \"I cannot rest from travel\" (line 6), \"all times I have enjoy'd\" (line 10), \"I am become a name\" (line 11), \"to strive, to seek, to find\" (line 65).
Enjambment: This is the continuation of a sentence or clause across a line break without a pause or punctuation. For example, \"To rust unburnish'd, not to shine in use! / As tho' to breathe were life!\" (lines 22-23), \"Tho' much is taken, much abides; and tho' / We are not now that strength which in old days / Moved earth and heaven\" (lines 65-67).
Metaphor: This is a figure of speech that compares two things that are not literally alike. For example, \"Life piled on life / Were all too little\" (lines 24-25), \"I am a part of all that I have met\" (line 18), \"The long day wanes: the slow moon climbs: the deep / Moans round with many voices\" (lines 15-16).
Personification: This is a figure of speech that gives human qualities to non-human things. For example, \"The lights begin to twinkle from the rocks\" (line 19), \"Come, my friends, / 'Tis not too late to seek a newer world\" (lines 56-57), \"for ever and forever when I move\" (line 28).
Rhyme: This is the correspondence of sound between words or the endings of words. The poem has a rhyme scheme of ABBAABBA CDECDE in each stanza. For example, \"wife-life-rife-life\", \"use-abuse-fuse-use\", \"shore-before-more-roar\".
Simile: This is a figure of speech that compares two things using the words like or as. For example, \"like a star\" (line 33), \"like a sinking star\" (line 66), \"like strip'd hyenas\" (line 40).
Literary devices in Ulysses by Alfred Lord Tennyson help to convey the character and emotions of Ulysses, as well as the themes and messages of the poem. The poem explores the ideas of aging, mortality, heroism, adventure, exploration, and human potential. It also reflects Tennyson's own personal struggles and aspirations as a poet and as a man. ec8f644aee